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Australia has 37 government-funded universities and 2 private universities, totally there are 39 universities in Australia, as well as a large of number of specialist institutions providing approved courses at the higher education level. Universities engage in teaching and research across a wide range of professional and academic disciplines. University studies can be undertaken at the undergraduate or postgraduate level, leading to awards ranging from graduate certificate to doctorate.  
  • Bachelor degree/Bachelor degree (Honours): the fundamental university qualification and the basic qualification for entry to the professions. It involves a minimum of 3 years full-time study. Course content is offered at significant depth and progressively developed to a high level, preparing students for further post-graduate study if desired. A Bachelor Degree with honours takes an additional year after a Bachelor Degree.
  • Graduate certificate/diploma: generally designed for specific vocational purposes, either the broadening of skills and knowledge already gained in an undergraduate program, or the development of vocational skills and knowledge in a new professional area. The typical requirement is six months of full-time study for the graduate certificate and twelve months of full-time study for the graduate diploma.
  • Masters degree: involves enhancing specific professional or vocational skills. It is typically gained by research or coursework or a combination. Study involves acquiring in-depth understanding of a specific area of knowledge usually by independent research. A Masters Degree takes either one year after a Bachelor Degree with honours or two years after a Bachelor Degree without honours.
  • Doctoral degree: is the highest award offered by Australian universities, usually takes about 3-4 years to complete. Although it is a research degree, some programs may have a course work component. It recognizes a considerable original contribution to a given field in the form of new knowledge or the adaptation, application and interpretation of existing knowledge.